Artificial intelligence (AI) is likely to widen inequalities in the world if its development is not well monitored. That’s why access to this technology should become a new fundamental right, experts at the World Economic Forum (WEF) said here Tuesday in Davos.
These specialists were part of a panel on the “fourth industrial revolution,” which they associate with the democratization of artificial intelligence.
Marc Benioff, President and CEO of Salesforce Cloud Enterprise, called for caution in developing AI.
“The fourth industrial revolution is an extraordinary historical moment,” he said. “[It] holds great promise for creating new jobs, new ways to cure illnesses and alleviating suffering. On the other hand, there is a risk that it worsens economic, racial, environmental and gender inequalities. We risk a new technological division between those who have access to AI and those who do not.”
This San Francisco-based business executive in the heart of Silicon Valley regularly speaks about inequities in technologically advanced companies. He has campaigned in the last months for Proposition C, a bill to raise taxes for large companies in San Francisco to support the growing number of homeless in the city of California. The law was passed in November following a referendum.
“Today, only a few countries and a few companies have access to the best AI in the world,” he says. And those who own it will be smarter, healthier, richer and, of course, their armed forces will be significantly more advanced. ”
Benioff believes that world leaders have a duty to think and reflect on AI: “What are we doing to make these technologies truly accessible to everyone? Those who do not have an AI will be less educated, weaker, poorer and sicker. We have to wonder if this is the kind of world we want to live in. ”
I sincerely believe that AI will be a new fundamental right. Every person and every country must have access to this crucial new technology.
Marc Benioff, Salesforce President and CEO
A global reflection
Marc Benioff made these declarations at the GEF launch of a center for the fourth industrial revolution in Colombia. This is in addition to similar groups in the United States, China, India and Japan.
These centers should serve to reflect on the positive and negative consequences of the development of emerging technologies and possible international policies. The GEF hopes that the establishment of such centers in different parts of the world will contribute to further democratize these technologies and to accommodate a wide variety of perspectives.
“We need to recognize that attitudes and visions for AI can differ across countries and regions, and we need to find a way to work together,” said Kai-Fu Lee, Chair of the Global Council on AI. GEF. “A catch-all approach just will not work,” he says.